|Bulgarian Ports (1879-2014)||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/ports/BPI Co/13||Bulgarian Ports (1879-2014)||The book “Bulgarian Ports – A Chronicle (1879-2014)” was published with the initiative of Port Infrastructure State Company in order to celebrate 135 years of the port business in Bulgaria. In this book we have for the first time a gathering of the main events related to Bulgarian sea and river (Danube) ports. Its author is the history doctor and famous maritime publicist and explorer Atanas Panayotov. ||5/17/2016 1:03:23 PM||GP0|#ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38;L0|#0ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38|BPI Co;GTSet|#f10e8052-3a96-4abf-9ca4-c9b8abb3b5cf|
|Climate and Air Change ||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/climate-and-weather/BPI Co/80||Climate and Air Change ||The climate is changing. Many of the gases which bring climate change are also air pollutants which damage our health and the environment. In many respects the enhancement of air quality can also stimulate the efforts to alleviate climate change and vice versa. The challenge we face is to guarantee that the policies related to the climate and air are focused on scenarios by which everybody will benefit.
In 2009 a joint team of British and German scientists realized a study near the coast of Norway using a sonar, a device which is usually used to locate fish schools. The team was not after finding fish but seeing how one of the most potent greenhouse gases, methane, was released from the sea bottom. Their findings were only one of the many warnings about the potential influences related to climate change.
In regions close to the poles a part of the land mass or the sea bottom is always frozen. According to some estimates this ever-frozen layer has two times more carbon than the volume in the atmosphere. In case of more favourable conditions this carbon can be released from the rotting biomass as carbon dioxide or methane.
Methane is a greenhouse gas. It is more than 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Now we risk to face additional acceleration of the global warming and even faster melting of ice in Arctica. Besides being a greenhouse gas, methane is also a factor for ozone formation near the Earth’s surface. This in turn is a significant pollutant damaging the health of people and the environment in Europe.
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|Factors Influencing The Black Sea Environmental Conditions||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/climate-and-weather/BPI Co/81||Factors Influencing The Black Sea Environmental Conditions||<strong>Conditions of the Black Sea environment </strong>
During the last 3 decades the Blacks Sea – the largest closed sea in the world – endured the worst aggravation in environmental conditions with regard to all seas and oceans in the world. Almost a third of Europe’s entire land surface waters go to the Black Sea. This is an area which includes large parts of 17 countries, 13 capital cities and approximately 160 million people. Large rivers like the Danuber, Dnieper, Dniester and Don flow to the Black Sea and its only connection to the world ocean is the narrow strait the Bosphorus which has depth of only 70 m and width of 700 m. The Black Sea ecosystem is endangered by pollution with oil and other pollutants which appear in the environment due to the operation and emergency discharge of waste by ships and also from land sources, mainly food and untreated wastewater. Beside this, the bringing of external species through the discharge of ballast water from ships seriously contributes to the ecosystem’s aggravation.
The concentration of ship traffic, port activities and economic development in a relatively small area represents a serious risk for damaging of the environment. The operational and emergency pollution of water, soil and atmosphere by ships and ports can be related to wrecks, bunkers, processing of cargo, storage, port maintenance, industrialization and port development.
The sources of sea pollution (95% of this is represented by indecomposable plastics) is related mainly to waste from navigation and tourism. Floating waste and sunken objects were found in large quantities in all areas of the Black Sea. The consequences for the sea fauna include dead birds, turtles and sea mammals due to the swallowing of synthetic objects.
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|Behaviour of oil at sea||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/climate-and-weather/BPI Co/82||Behaviour of oil at sea||Oil is composed of a broad spectrum of hydrocarbons. There are some very volatile components such as propane and benzene and more complex, heavier components such as bitumen, asphalts, resins and paraffin. The composition and characteristics of oil are different depending on its origin. Refined products like gasoline and other fuels are oil fractions. The fate of an oil spill depends on many factors such as the volume of the spill, its initial physical and chemical characteristics, the weather which is predominant at sea; does the oil remain in the sea or does it move to the shore. After its discharge in the sea oil is usually broken down and dispersed in time. The dispersion is a result of different physical and chemical processes which change the components. The eight most important processes after an oil spill [ITOPF, 2002] are described shortly below and illustrated in figure 1.||5/25/2016 7:45:39 AM||GP0|#ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38;L0|#0ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38|BPI Co;GTSet|#f10e8052-3a96-4abf-9ca4-c9b8abb3b5cf|
|The Construction of Varna Intermodal Terminal is Among Our Most Important Projects||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/ports/BPI Co/83||The Construction of Varna Intermodal Terminal is Among Our Most Important Projects||<p><em>Discussion with the Director General of Bulgarian Ports Infrastructure Company (BPI Co.) Mr. Anguel Zabourtov on the topic of the approved investment program of BPI Co. for the year 2016.</em></p><p>Source: <a href="http://www.chernomore.bg/">http://www.chernomore.bg/</a></p>||5/25/2016 8:01:31 AM||GP0|#ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38;L0|#0ff2f39a8-3342-4b73-8b85-7764a7ea9f38|BPI Co;GTSet|#f10e8052-3a96-4abf-9ca4-c9b8abb3b5cf|
|The Port of Burgas is a Starting Point for Cruises ||https://misbs.bgports.bg/en/articles/ports/BPI Co/84||The Port of Burgas is a Starting Point for Cruises ||In 2015 one of the largest cruise companies in the world, Pullmenter Cruises, selected the port of Burgas as a starting and ending point for cruises. Tourists will arrive by chartered flights and will board the cruise ships in Burgas. For some other tourists Burgas will be the endpoint of their cruise. “In the case of the port of Burgas, this means doubling the traffic of passengers and respectively a serious growth for tourism” said the Executive Director of Burgas Port EAD, Mr. Nikolay Tishev.
The port of Burgas has the capacity to accommodate the largest cruise ships sailing in the Black Sea. This will be a benefit for the port and for the tugboat companies, the pilot station, tour-operator companies and the state, said the Executive Director of the port. “Let us not forget that Burgas is the middle point between Nessebar, Pomorie and Sozopol. Through Trakia highway it will provide direct access also to other tourist, cultural and religious landmarks in Bulgaria” said Mr. Tishev. A main advantage of the cruise tourism is the good solvency of tourists and their great interesting in the cultural and historical heritage of the countries they visit. In the year 2013 the number of passengers who passed through Nessebar and Burgas was record-breaking: 55 ships and nearly 27 thousand passengers. For the year 2015 there are more than 60 reservations. The most intensive months were September and October.
The main priority of the company in 2014 was the start of the operation of the new passenger port. Five cruise ships landed there with 5670 passengers within two weeks after its opening in October.
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